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HISTORY OF YOGA

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YOGA MEANING AND HISTORY

By definition, yoga is a Hindu system that aims at achieving the spiritual union of your inner self with the Supreme Being in a form of complete tranquility and awareness. It does this through intense concentration and meditation and exercise practices that involve controlled breathing and postures. Lets understand full history of yoga and about hatha yoga and modern yoga, Origin of Yoga

In simple terms, Yoga is all about connecting your body and mind through breathing and movements that relax the mind and increase the level of flexibility and fitness in your body. To some, yoga is just a type of exercise that is used as a pathway to empower everyone to live a fulfilling, strong and healthy life. Now you have an idea of what yoga is, but where exactly, did it come from and how did it get this popular?

Below is a brief history of yoga, which will show you how yoga has developed to the practice that it is today. History Of Yoga The practice of yoga began over 5,000 years ago in Northern India.

sarre yoga

The Origin of Yoga

The Origin of Yoga Despite more than a century of research, we still don’t know much about the earliest beginnings of Yoga. We do know, though, that it originated in India 5,000 or more years ago. Until recently, many Western scholars thought that Yoga originated much later, maybe around 500 B.C., which is the time of Gautama the Buddha, the illustrious founder of Buddhism. But then, in the early 1920s, archaeologists surprised the world with the discovery of the so-called Indus civilization—a culture that we now know extended over an area of roughly 300,000 square miles (the size of Texas and Ohio combined).

This was, in fact, the largest civilization in early antiquity. In the ruins of the big cities of Mohenjo Daro and Harappa, excavators found depictions engraved on soapstone seals that strongly resemble yogi-like figures. Many other finds show the amazing continuity between that civilization and later Hindu society and culture. There was nothing primitive about what is now called the Indus-Sarasvati civilization, which is named after two great rivers that once flowed in Northern India; today only the Indus River flows through Pakistan.

That civilization’s urbane population enjoyed multistory buildings, a sewage system unparalleled in the ancient world until the Roman Empire, a huge public bath whose walls were waterproofed with bitumen, geometrically laid out brick roads, and standardized baked bricks for convenient construction. (We are so used to these technological achievements that we sometimes forget they had to be invented.) The Indus-Sarasvati people were a great maritime nation that exported a large variety of goods to Mesopotamia and other parts of the Middle East and Africa. Although only a few pieces of art have survived, some of them show exquisite craftsmanship.

Cultural Yoga

For a long time, scholars thought that this magnificent civilization was abruptly destroyed by invaders from the northwest who called themselves Aryans (ârya meaning “noble” in the Sanskrit language). Some proposed that these warlike nomads invented Yoga, others credited the Indus people with its creation. Yet others took Yoga to be the joint creation of both races. Nowadays researchers increasingly favor a completely different picture of ancient Indian history. They are coming to the conclusion that there never was an Aryan invasion and that the decline of the Indus-Sarasvati cities was due to dramatic changes in climate.

These in turn appear to have been caused by a major tectonic catastrophe changing the course of rivers. In particular, it led to the drying up of what was once India’s largest river, the Sarasvati, along whose banks flourished numerous towns and villages (some 2500 sites have been identified thus far).

Today the dry river bed runs through the vast Thar Desert. If it were not for satellite photography, we would not have learned about those many settlements buried under the sand. The drying up of the Sarasvati River, which was completed by around 1900 B.C., had far-reaching consequences. Just imagine the waters of the Mississippi running dry instead of flooding constantly. What havoc this would cause! The death of the Sarasvati River forced the population to migrate to more fertile parts of the country, especially east toward the Ganges (Ganga) River and south into Central India and Tamilnadu.

DEEP HISTORY OF YOGA

“Yoga” was first mentioned by the oldest sacred text Rig Veda which used is to collect texts that have rituals, mantras and songs used by Vedic priests. The word yoga is derive from the Sanskrit word yuj which means ‘to yoke’, ‘to unite’, or ‘to join’. The translation makes sense because in those days (the pre-classical yoga era) yoga is only viewed as a means to unite the body with the spiritual realm. After the pre-classical yoga era came to the classical yoga era

This new era was led and defined by the father of yoga himself, Patanjali’s. Patanjali’s yoga presented by sutras, by which were the first organized presentation of yoga. Here Patanjali systematized the practice of yoga into an eight-limbed path that meant to guide people to exceed beyond the mind and achieve yogic freedom or Samadhi which means enlightenment. The Eight-Limbed Path After Patanjali, came the post-classical yoga era where the teachings of the ancient Vedas were rejected and new things came into existance. This history of yoga

Hatha Yoga

Then yoga masters created their own yoga system that designed to revitalize the body and prolong life too. They developed a physical yoga style with essential techniques of cleansing the body and mind. The method helped practitioners to break out of the knots that fix them to their own physical existence. This style that later gave birth to what is now known as Hatha yoga.

Then modern period started in the 1800s and 1900s; This era, the yoga masters started spreading the practice of yoga to the west. In 1893, Swami Vivekananda gave a yoga lecture on the Parliament of Religions in Chicago. In the early 1900s, Swami Sivananda and T. Krishnamacharya promoted hatha yoga in India. In 1924, T. Krishnamacharya opened a Hatha yoga school in Mysore-the first yoga school. He produced three students who developed the practice of yoga further. B.K.S Iyengar created the Iyengar yoga.  T.K.V. Desikachar created Viniyoga. K. Pattabhi Jois created the Ashtanga .

prey man

Mordern Yoga

The yoga styles we have today have evolved from the three students above. The spreading of yoga then continued to trickle down until Indra Devi opened the first yoga studio in Hollywood. Today the practice of yoga is widespread and there are numerous ways of practicing it; from outdoor venues, schools, community centers, gyms and studios to social media channels like YouTube and online videos. Now you may have noticed that there is more than one type of yoga as you read the history. The next step of learning yoga is to enlightened on the types of yoga.history of yoga hatha yoga Origin of Yoga


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