All About Mudras

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Mudras Gyan

According to the Vedic culture of ancient India, our entire world is made of ‘the five elements’ called as The Panch-Maha-Bhuta’s. The five elements being Earth, Water, Fire, Wind and Space/Vacuum. They are also called the earth element, water element, fire element, wind element and space element.

These five elements constitute the human body – the nutrients from the soil (earth) are absorbed by the plants which we consume (thus we survive on the earth element), the blood flowing through own veins represents the water element, the body heat represents the fire element, the oxygen we inhale and the carbon dioxide we exhale represents the wind element and the sinuses we have in our nose and skull represent the space element.

Now understand this, the command and control center of all these five elements lies in our fingers. So literally, our health lies at our fingertips. The Mudra healing method that I am going to teach you depends on our fingers.

mudras gyan
To understand this, we should first know the finger-element relationship:

Thumb – Fire element.

Index finger – Air element.

Middle finger – Space/Vacuum element.

Third finger – Earth element.

 Small finger – Water element.

When the fingers are brought together in a specific pattern and are touched to each other, or slightly pressed against each other, the formation is called as a ‘Mudra’. When the five fingers are touched and pressed in a peculiar way to form a Mudra, it affects the levels of the five elements in our body, thus balancing those elements and inducing good health.

P.S.  The Mudra Healing Methods aren’t just theory or wordplay; these are healing methods from the ancient Indian Vedic culture, proven and tested over ages.

How Do These Mudras Work?

To understand how the Mudras work, we first need to know the ‘Prakriti’ concept of Ayurveda.

Prakriti (The Basic Bodily Constitution)

According to Ayurveda, every person is constituted of the Three Dosha’s – The Vata Dosha, The Pitta Dosha and The Kapha Dosha. And, any one of the three Dosha’s is most dominant among them, which determines the basic or primary constitution or Prakriti of an individual.

The core concept of Ayurvedic medicine is that, the five fundamental elements integrate into physical form as the three Doshas and health exists when there is a balance between the three fundamental bodily Doshas known as:  Vata, Pitta and Kapha.

The physical volume of a human being is mainly composed of Kapha, the chemical processes and reactions taking place in the body are due to the manifestation of Pitta, and the bodily movements and activities are attributed to Vata. For an individual to remain healthy, these three basic substances (doshas) must be in equilibrium. Any kind of disequilibrium of these doshas will cause disintegration of the body which leads to disease.

Nutrients nourish

When we consume food, it is digested and nutrients (Saara) and waste/excreta (Mala) are produced. The nutrients nourish the seven bodily tissues (SaptaDhatu’s) and the waste is thrown out of the body through sweat, urine, feces, nasal discharge, eye discharge etc., while this is happening the three doshas move from one part of the body to another part and induce sound health, resistance to disease and physical strength in an individual. But, if the doshas are excited or vitiated they produce disease in the body.

mudras hand


Vata is the air principle necessary to mobilize the function of the nervous system. The main functions of Vata are to give motion to the body, conduction of impulses from sensory organs, separation of nutrient and waste from food, secretion of urine and semen. In healthy condition it performs all the physiological functions in the body, it is responsible for speech & hearing, it regulates the normal circulation in the body and it is also responsible for formation and development of foetus in intra-uterine stage. When excited or vitiated, it produces psychosomatic disorder, causes weight loss, loss of physical strength and it may cause congenital deformities.


Pitta is the fire principle which uses bile to direct digestion and hence metabolism into the venous system. The endocrine functions in the body and other biological activities in the human body are caused by Pitta. It is the by-product of human blood (Rakta). Pitta is homologous of blood and both are situated/originate in spleen and liver. Pitta can be physically observed, it is a yellow coloured viscous liquid, it has a fleshy and unpleasant smell and it feels hot when touched. Pitta provides volume and colour to blood, induces proper digestion, proper vision. It is responsible for body heat, appetite, thirst, complexion and intelligence.


Kapha is the water principle which relates to mucous, lubrication and the carrier of nutrients into the arterial system. When compared to Vata and Pitta, Kapha is the most stable of the three doshas and it is mainly composed of water. It is responsible for formation of bodily structures. It is white in colour, thick, viscous, slimy and soft to touch. The body owes its softness, smoothness, moisture and coolness to Kapha. The Kapha joints together various structures of the body and the joints. It promotes healing, immunity and tissue-building within the body. Kapha provides stability, physical strength and sturdiness to one’s body.

The Dosha – Element – Finger Relationship

Remember the finger-element relationship image I showed you earlier? That comes into play now…

 # Vata Dosha

– Air Element + Space/vacuum Element Thus the levels of ‘Vata’ in your body can be very easily manipulated/changed/regulated by using your index finger, middle finger and Thumb.

# Pitta Dosha

– Fire Element + Water Element The levels of ‘Pitta’ in your body can be regulated by using your small finger and Thumb.

# Kapha Dosha

– Water Element + Earth Element

The levels of ‘Kapha’ in your body can be regulated by using your small finger and ring finger. The Mudra healing technique is based on understanding the imbalances in your dosha’s which are the underlying cause of your disease and then regulating and balancing your dosha’s through simple hand gestures and curing you without any external medication.

mudras in meditation

Fingers – Control Knobs of Your Health

Mudras are broadly classified into two types;

#1(असंयुक्त)Asanyunkt Mudra – Mudra performed on each hand individually, e.g. Dnyanmudra.

#2 (संयुक्त) Sanyukt Mudra – Mudra performed by using both the hands, e.g. Dhenumudra.

But, this is the external physical aspect of these Mudras, let’s now see how our fingers act as 3 Mode control knobs for inducing good health.

Here’s the’ Element – Finger’ relationship again;

Thumb – Fire element.

Index finger – Air element.

Middle finger – Space/Vacuum element.

Third finger – Earth element.

Small finger – Water element.

Mode I

Balancing the Element: when the tip of a finger is touched to the tip of the thumb and pressed slightly, it results in regulating the level of the element associated with that finger in harmony with the other elements.

e.g. In Dnyanmudra the tip of the index finger and thumb are touched together, this results in a regulation and balancing of air element in the human body.

Mode II-

Enhancing the Element: When the tip of the thumb is touched to the base of a finger and pressed slightly, it results in increasing the level of the element associated with that finger. e.g. In Avaahanmudra the tip of the thumb is touched to the base of the small finger, this results in an increase in the water element of the body, thus curing you of any disease related to deficiency of water element.

Mode III-

Suppressing the Element: When a finger is curled down and the nail of that finger is covered by the tip of the thumb or when the tip of the finger touches the base of the thumb and the thumb covers over the back of the finger, it results in reducing the level of the element associated with that finger. e.g. In Vaayumudra the tip of the index finger touches the base of the thumb and the thumb cover over the back of the index finger, this results in a reduction in the air element of the body, thus curing you of any disease related to an increase in air element.

mudras guide

Can I perform these Mudras?

Yes!!! Anyone and everyone can perform these simple hand gestures and benefit from them. Men-Women, Young-Old, Kids… anyone can perform these Mudras. There are no exceptions but just precautions –

a) There are certain Mudras which are off limits for pregnant women. (Which I have mentioned specifically as a note under the description of those Mudras).

b) People suffering with arthritis will find it difficult to perform these mudras initially and for longer period of time, but they should nevertheless attempt to practice these mudras for a shorter period of time, till they feel comfortable doing them. With time you will see that the regular practice of these mudras you will be able to perform these mudras for their full prescribed time.

When and for How long can I perform these Mudras?


That is the beauty of Mudra healing, You Can Practice These Mudras Anyplace-Anytime.

  • travelling/commuting
  • watching TV, sitting on your favorite couch
  • reading your favorite book or newspaper or magazine
  • chatting with your friends and family
  • walking your dog
  • you are waiting for someone
  • Meditating
how to do mudras

How Long-

For the basic beginner Mudras there is no specific time limit, but for best results these Mudras should be practiced for at least 35-40 minutes at a stretch. [Start by practicing these Mudras for 10 minutes each and then gradually increase the time limit till you reach your 40 minutes target.] For other complex Mudras the time limit varies depending upon the ailment that we are curing and I have duly specified the essential time limit in such cases.

Warm-Up exercises for preparing your Hands

Before practicing these Mudras it is best to do some warm up exercises for your palms, to avoid any further inconvenience or any possible discomfort.

Warm up-

Step I: make a fist on both your palms, hold for a few seconds and then release the fist and extend the fingers outwards. Repeat 8-10 times.

Step II: Clap lightly for 15-20 seconds without stopping. Repeat 2-3 times.

Step III: Rub your palms together for around 40-45 seconds so that they become warm.

Now, you are all set to start practicing Mudras.




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